Small animal veterinarians are licensed animal health professionals who are qualified to diagnose and treat a variety of companion species. Small animal practitioners commonly treat dogs and cats. A small animal vet can work in a variety of environments, but will generally have routine interactions with patients and their owners by appointment in the clinic’s exam room.
The typical routine for a small animal vet includes performing wellness exams, giving routine vaccinations, performing bloodwork, prescribing medications, wound and laceration repair, performing surgeries (such as spay/neuter procedures), performing post-surgical follow-up exams, and dentals. Other duties may include performing health exams on young animals, monitoring the reproductive health of breeding animals, assisting with problem births, using ultrasound machines and taking x-rays.